A pinguecula is a small, yellowish growth that can develop on either side of the cornea, but often forms on the side of the eye closest to the nose. While the exact cause of a pinguecula is yet unknown, it appears that long-term exposure to sunlight or UV rays may be a determining factor.
The symptoms of pinguecula are relatively mild and the growth itself is benign. If left untreated, the growth can increase in size and turn into a pterygium. Beyond physical appearance, the pinguecula causes minor irritation, redness in the eye, and may become swollen or inflamed. The presence of a pinguecula may feel as though something is in your eye but this is more of a nuisance than a health risk.
The growth can easily be removed. The pinguecula removal procedure is performed an outpatient basis and takes less than 15 minutes to complete.
Please note, unless examined by an eye care professional, pingueculea may be mistaken as a pterygium as they share similar symptoms.