Uveitis is an inflammation of your eye’s uvea. The uvea, or uveal tract, is the middle layer of the eye that consists of the iris, choroid, and ciliary muscle and controls many of your eye’s functions, such as adjusting to different levels of light or the varying distances of objects. While Infections, injury, and autoimmune disorders may be associated with the development of uveitis, the exact cause of this condition is often unknown.
As uveitis can lead to permanent vision loss, early diagnosis and treatment is important to preventing significant complications.
The symptoms that characterize uveitis are pain, redness, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, dark floating “spots” in your field of vision, and, of course, decreased vision. Unfortunately, as many of these symptoms are shared with other commonly found eye conditions, it is vital to seek proper diagnosis from an ophthalmologist.
Treatment of uveitis may include a prescription of anti-inflammatory medication, such as a corticosteroid. This medication may be given as eye drops, pills or an injection into the eye. For people with difficult-to-treat uveitis, a device that’s implanted in your eye may be an option. This device slowly releases corticosteroid medication into your eye for about 2 1/2 years. If your uveitis is caused by an infection, antibiotics, antiviral medications or other medicines may be given with or without corticosteroids to bring the inflammation under control.
When identified early enough, a prescription for medication is usually enough, but in more severe cases surgery such as a vitrectomy may be needed.